The scope of a theme such as the 'institutional framework for sustainable development' is potentially vast, as sustainable development is a wide and all-encompassing concept. For the purposes for the Earth Summit, however, it is helpful to identify some of the key issues that are included under such a theme. These include:

  • Reform and Upgrading of the United Nations Environment Programme
  • Strengthening of the Commission on Sustainable Development

  • The establishment of a UN Environment Organisation (UNEO) or World Environment Organisation (WEO)

  • Monitoring and Enforcement of global agreements on environment and sustainable development

  • The role of international environmental arbitration – e.g. an International Environmental Court

  • The clustering of Multi-lateral Environmental Agreements