Context

One of the two main themes for the Earth Summit is the 'institutional framework for sustainable development'. Put more simply, this primarily refers to the system of global governance for sustainable development. This includes the global institutions charged with developing, monitoring and implementing policies on sustainable development across its three pillars – social, environmental and economic.
The two main institutions governing sustainable development at the global level are the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), established in 1972 as a result of the Stockholm Conference, and the Commission on Sustainable Development, created in 1992 to ensure effective follow-up to the Rio Earth Summit.

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